Patočkova neskorá filozofia v kontexte duchovnej krízy súčasnej spoločnosti

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    Autor: Róbert Stojka

    In: Verba Theologica

    ISSN: 1336-1635 (Print)

    ISSN: 2644-4844 (Online)

    Ročník: 22

    Číslo: 1

    Strany: 53-69

    Rok vydania: 2023

    Vydavateľ: VERBUM – vydavateľstvo Katolíckej univerzity v Ružomberku

    Abstract: In Patočka´s philosophy of history, especially in its late period, the concept of Europe, which is essentially linked to the ancient Greek idea of the care for the soul, hast its firm place. The idea of the care for the soul undergoes several metamorphoses during the history and after the disappearance of the ancient world it is according to Patočka carried further by Christianity, which is considered to be the highest rise of the human spirit after the previous decay of the ancient world. However, Patočka also speaks about the spiritual crisis of the humanity as such that in his opinion reaches its peak in the present time, in the technical and materialistic understanding of the world and in the modern and post-modern consumerism. While looking for the solutions of the current crisis, Patočka is inspired by Heidegger´s thinking, above all by the ontological difference – the difference between the Being and beings. An important phenomenon that can on an individual level become the remedy for overcoming the present materialistic. technical and strictly rational understanding of the world is for Patočka the sacrifice. The sacrifice can show the essential aspect of Being, which is much more that a sum of beings and can therefore be grasped as the philosophical expression of the divine, what Patočka clearly demonstrates at the figure of Jesus.

    Keywords:  Jan Patočka, Europe, care of the soul, spiritual crisis, sacrifice


    STOJKA, Róbert. Patočkova neskorá filozofia v kontexte duchovnej krízy súčasnej spoločnosti. In: Verba Theologica [online]. Ružomberok: VERBUM – vydavateľstvo Katolíckej univerzity v Ružomberku, 2023, 22 (1), s. 53-69. ISSN 1336-1635 (Print). ISSN 2644-4844 (Online). Dostupné na internete: