Myslenie Svätopluka Štúra a Benedetta Croceho: neznáme paralely z kontextu obdobia totalitných režimov v Európe

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    Autor: Patrizia Šušová PrandoMarta B. Zágoršeková

    In: Kultúrne dejiny

    ISSN: 1338-2209 

    Ročník: 15

    Číslo: 1


    Rok vydania: 2024

    Vydavateľ: VERBUM – vydavateľstvo Katolíckej univerzity v Ružomberku

    Abstract: In the history of European philosophy, we can find many similarities among philosophers from different countries that have shown that philosophical thinking knows no boundaries, despite language barriers. In this context, we must consider the difficulties of many Slovak philosophers writing in the Slovak language, and the fact that their works have not been translated into other European languages. For this reason, many European philosophers did not know the thought of other philosophers, who struggled like them against negative phenomena, such the fascist doctrine. Based on these facts, we have identified some similarities between the Slovakian philosopher Svätopluk Štúr and the Italian philosopher Benedetto Croce, who before and during World War II took a clear stance against the fascist regime and all expressions of extremism. Štúr was familiar with Croce's philosophy through translations into Czech, whereas Croce did not have Štúr's works available due to the lack of translations. Despite language barriers, we can see how the two philosophers were able to fight against totalitarian regime through the weapons of thought, in the name of the ideals of humanism and the freedom of nations.

    Keywords: Slovak and Italian History, History of European Philosophy, Totalitarian Regimes, Fascism, Svätopluk Štúr, Benedetto Croce.